• James Yoo

Resources: Athletic & Social Development

Updated: Jan 19, 2019


ERICKSON'S 8 STAGES OF PSYCHO-SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND 7 STAGES OF LONG TERM ATHLETIC DEVELOPMENT (LTAD)


Phase 1: Foundation Building (birth to age 6)

  • 7 Stages of Long Term Athletic Development (LTAD)

  • Erickson’s 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development

  • LTAD Stage 1:  Active Start (ages 0-6)

  • Erickson Stage 1:  Trust versus Mistrust (approximately age 0-1)

  • Erickson Stage 2:  Autonomy versus Doubt/Shame (occurs between ages 1 to 3)

  • Erickson Stage 3:  Initiative versus Guilt (age 3-5)


Phase 2: Acquisition of Skills (ages 6-12)

  • 7 Stages of Long Term Athletic Development (LTAD)

  • Erickson’s 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development

  • Stage 2: FUNdamentals (girls 6-8, boys 6-9)

  • Stage 3: Learn to Train (girls 8-11, boys 9-12)

  • Erickson Stage 4: Industry versus Inferiority (ages 6 to 11 or 12). Erickson originally stated the age span was 6 to puberty.  


Phase 3: Competition Ready and Identity Development (ages 11-23)

  • 7 Stages of Long Term Athletic Development (LTAD)

  • Erickson’s 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development

  • Stage 4: Train to Train (girls 11-15, boys 12-16)

  • Stage 5:  Train to Compete (girls 15-21, boys 16-23) 

  • Erickson Stage 5:  Identity versus Role-Confusion (ages 12 to 18)


Phase 4: Competition Ready and Love (ages 20+)

  • 7 Stages of Long Term Athletic Development (LTAD)

  • Erickson’s 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development

  • Stage 6:  Train to Win (girls 18+, boys 19+)

  • Erickson Stage 6: Intimacy versus Isolation (early adulthood, typically from your 20’s to the end of your 30’s)


Phase 5: Active for Life, Giving Back and a Reflection on Life (Ages 30+)

  • 7 Stages of Long Term Athletic Development (LTAD)

  • Erickson’s 8 Psychosocial Stages of Development

  • Stage 7:  Active for life (any age)

  • Erickson Stage 7:  Generativity versus Stagnation (middle adulthood, usually between ages of 40 and 60)

  • Erickson Stage 8: Integrity versus Despair (ages 60 or 65 to the end of life)



#EricksonStagesOfPsychoSocialDevelopment #StagesOfLongTermAthleticDevelopment #LTAD #SportsPsychology

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