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Create Your Goal Setting Road Map

Updated: Nov 17, 2023

I don’t chase dreams, I hunt goals. -Connor McGregor


Goal-setting is the roadmap to achieving your dreams. It provides focus and keeps you grounded. There are three types of goals that are needed when creating your goal-setting road map:

Outcome Goals: these are the dreams and expectations you set for the future. Instead of being the prize or end result, I like to refer to it as a milestone achievement on your journey toward mastery.

Performance Goals: these are the expectations or benchmarks you create for competition. They are like tests in school. They help track your improvements and identify areas that need more attention. It also helps to keep you focused on the task at hand.

Process Goals: these are the goals you set for practices and training. It’s your process, the steps you take that get you closer to your milestone. This includes your daily training and practice schedules, rest, recovery, and nutrition.


Why are these goals important? Process Goals (PrG) are SPECIFIC and MEASURABLE. PrGs are confidence boosters that remind you of your hard work and dedication.  PrGs develop your muscle memory.  It's what allows you to compete without overthinking and overanalyzing during competition.

Performance Goals (PeG) are the measuring stick and your reminder of what is ACHIEVABLE. PeGs set the standards for competition. They are the test to measure what areas you have strengthened and what areas need more attention before the next competition. Without PeGs you wouldn’t know what kind of progress you are making toward your Outcome Goal. Therefore, PeGs must be ACHIEVABLE and challenging.

Outcome Goals (OG) set the standard of achievement and the milestones you want to meet. OGs are important because they are REALISTIC expectations to meet in a certain amount of time. Because OGs are TIME-BASED, OGs are your main source of motivation and create structure for your PeGs and PrGs. Whether you achieve your OG or not, it's a reminder of how far you've come. Celebrate your successes and use your challenges and setbacks to set your next OG and to reach your next milestone!

To achieve your milestones, remember this formula: OG = PrG + PeG If you follow the formula, you’ll create SMART goals: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Time-Based.


A Deeper Dive

In the realm of human achievement, the intersection of sport psychology and military tactics reveals a fascinating synergy. Both domains share a common thread in their emphasis on strategic planning, disciplined execution, and the relentless pursuit of goals. In this sesction, we delve into the dynamic relationship between sport psychology and military tactics, focusing on the pivotal role of goal setting and the strategic approach of working backward from outcome goals to performance goals and process goals.

I. Goal Setting: The Foundation of Success

At the core of both sports and military endeavors lies the concept of goal setting. Goals serve as the guiding beacons, providing direction and purpose to individuals and teams. Whether on the battlefield or the sports field, a clear understanding of objectives is essential for success.

II. Working Backward: A Tactical Approach

In military planning, a common strategy is to work backward from the desired outcome. Similarly, athletes and coaches employ this method in sports psychology to achieve optimal results. By starting with the end goal in mind, individuals can strategically break down the overarching objective into smaller, more manageable components.

A. Outcome Goals: The Big Picture

In both sports and the military, outcome goals represent the ultimate achievement. Whether it's winning a championship or accomplishing a military mission, these goals provide the overarching vision. Athletes and military leaders alike use outcome goals to motivate and inspire, creating a sense of purpose that fuels perseverance in the face of challenges.

B. Performance Goals: Measuring Progress

Performance goals serve as intermediate benchmarks on the path to success. In sports, this might involve improving specific statistics or achieving milestones in competition. In the military, performance goals could be the completion of a mission and mastering specific tactical skills. By achieving performance goals, individuals gain confidence and momentum toward the larger objective.

C. Process Goals: The Nuts and Bolts

At the granular level, process goals focus on the specific actions and behaviors required for success. In sports psychology, this might involve refining a particular skill or adhering to a specific training regimen. In the military, process goals could revolve around executing precise maneuvers or following established protocols. Success at the process level lays the foundation for achieving higher-order goals.

III. Psychological Resilience and Adaptability

Both the military and sports demand a high degree of psychological resilience and adaptability. In the face of setbacks, individuals must recalibrate their strategies and press forward. Sport psychology and military training emphasize mental toughness, the ability to stay focused under pressure, and the resilience to bounce back from adversity.


The intersection of sport psychology and military tactics underscores the profound impact of goal setting on achieving success. By working backward from outcome goals to performance goals and process goals, individuals and teams can navigate the complexities of their respective domains with purpose and precision. Whether on the sports field or the battlefield, the symbiosis between these disciplines offers valuable insights into the human capacity for achievement, resilience, and the pursuit of excellence.

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